A wide range of conditions that affect mood, thinking, and behavior. There are about 300 mental disorders listed in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). This is a manual used by health professionals to help identify and diagnose mental illness. Determinants of mental health and mental disorders include not only individual attributes, such as the ability to manage thoughts, emotions, behaviors and interactions with others, but also social, cultural, economic, political and environmental factors, such as national policies, protection, living standards, working conditions and community support.
Transforming the understanding and treatment of mental illness. NIMH offers peer-reviewed information on mental disorders and a variety of topics. The NIMH statistics pages include statistics on the prevalence, treatment and costs of mental illness for the population of the United States. Download, read and order free NIMH brochures and fact sheets on mental disorders and related topics.
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Because of this fear, people with agoraphobia often avoid situations that can trigger an anxiety attack. In some cases, this avoidance behavior can reach a point where the person cannot even leave their own home. Social anxiety disorder is a fairly common psychological disorder that involves an irrational fear of being watched or judged. Anxiety caused by this disorder can have a major impact on a person's life and make it difficult to function in school, work, and other social settings.
An estimated 26% of Americans aged 18 and older, about 1 in 4 adults, suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in any given year. Approximately 9.5% of U.S. adults age 18 and older will suffer a depressive illness (major depression, bipolar disorder, or dysthymia) each year. A mental health treatment plan (MHTP) is a support plan for someone who has mental health problems.
This disorder develops over a short period of time, usually a few hours or a few days, and is characterized by disturbances in attention and consciousness. Fortunately, appropriate and effective treatments, which often include medication and psychotherapy, can help people with bipolar disorder manage their symptoms successfully. While women and girls are much more likely to develop an eating disorder, it is estimated that men and boys account for 5 to 15 percent of patients with anorexia or bulimia and an estimated 35 percent of patients with binge eating disorder. Children with this disorder show aggression towards people and animals, destroy property, steal and deceive, and violate other rules and laws.
This type of psychological disorder can affect both children and adults and is characterized by symptoms such as anxiety, irritability, depressed mood, worry, anger, hopelessness, and feelings of isolation. Hypersomnolence disorder is characterized by excessive sleepiness despite an adequate period of primary sleep. Paranoid personality disorder is characterized by distrust of others, including family, friends and romantic partners. Formerly referred to under the heading of somatoform disorders, this category is now known as somatic symptoms and related disorders.
This disorder is characterized by persistent deficits in social interaction and communication in multiple areas of life, as well as restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior. A factitious disorder is when a person intentionally creates, fakes, or exaggerates symptoms of illness. Mental disorders are patterns of behavioral or psychological symptoms that affect multiple areas of life. Unlike previous ways of conceptualizing these disorders based on the absence of a medical explanation for physical symptoms, the current diagnosis emphasizes abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that occur in response to these symptoms.
Bipolar affective disorder is a type of mood disorder, formerly known as “manic depression”. For inclusion in NSDUH prevalence estimates, mental illnesses include those that are currently or within the last year; of sufficient duration to meet the diagnostic criteria specified in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) ; and, exclude developmental and substance use disorders. . .