What are the main mental disorders?

There are effective strategies to prevent mental disorders such as depression. Major depressive disorder (MDD) causes feelings of extreme sadness or hopelessness that last at least two weeks. This condition is also called clinical depression. Anxiety disorders are a group of mental health disorders that include generalized anxiety disorders, social phobias, specific phobias (e.g., agoraphobia and claustrophobia), panic disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and post-traumatic stress disorder.

If left untreated, anxiety disorders can lead to a significant deterioration in people's daily lives. Bipolar affective disorder is a type of mood disorder, formerly called “manic depression”. A person with bipolar disorder experiences episodes of mania (euphoria) and depression. The person may or may not experience psychotic symptoms.

The exact cause is unknown, but a genetic predisposition has been clearly established. Environmental stressors can also trigger episodes of this mental illness. Depression is a mood disorder characterized by decreased mood, loss of interest and enjoyment, and reduced energy. It's not just about feeling sad.

There are different types and symptoms of depression. There are various levels of severity and symptoms related to depression. The symptoms of depression can increase the risk of suicidal thoughts or behavior. The term psychological disorder is sometimes used to refer to what is more commonly referred to as mental disorders or psychiatric disorders.

Mental disorders are patterns of behavioral or psychological symptoms that affect multiple areas of life. These disorders create distress for the person experiencing these symptoms. Your mental health can be influenced by a variety of factors, including life events or even your genetics. We should replace mission advancement with mission control and return the mental health system to one that receives treatment for people with the most severe mental illness rather than one that works to improve the mental health of everyone else.

In the training, participants learn about treatments and approaches that can help people with mental health disorders. Although mistakenly thought to be a single disorder, dementia is a term that covers a wide range of specific mental conditions. It's helpful to know other terms that are often used as part of broader categories of mental health conditions. Mental health disorders, sometimes called illnesses, affect the thoughts, moods, and behaviors of those affected.

Dissociation is a mental process in which a person disconnects from their thoughts, feelings, memories, or sense of identity. Major and mild neurocognitive disorders have the main characteristic of acquired cognitive impairment in one or more areas including memory, attention, language, learning, and perception. Hosted by editor-in-chief and therapist Amy Morin, LCSW, this episode of The Verywell Mind Podcast, featuring GRAMMY Award-winning singer JoJo, shares the benefits of antidepressants and how to manage your mental health. The DSM is one of the most widely used systems for classifying mental disorders and provides standardized diagnostic criteria.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that can develop as a response to people who have experienced a traumatic event. Most people affected by this disorder are children or adults who also have a developmental delay or intellectual disability. However, it is often a learning process, as each person with a mental health condition experiences it in a slightly different way. And about one in five young people aged 13 to 18 also experience mental illness at some point in their lives.


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